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Mobile application development is the set of processes and procedures involved in writing software for small, wireless computing devices. Like Web application development, mobile application development has its roots in more traditional software development. One critical difference, however, is that mobile appsare often written specifically to take advantage of the unique features a particular mobile device offers.Essentially, each device required its own mobile app development project with its own code base. Modern cross-platform tools use common languages such as C# and Javascript to share code across projects; more importantly, they integrate well with application lifecycle management tools. This allows developers to use a single code base for Apple iOS, Google Android and progressive web pages (PWAs). A progressive web app is a website that looks and behaves as if it is a mobile app.

Technologies used to develop a mobile app

There are multiple mobile app technologies that are widely used for a specific platform or for cross-platform app development. The four major programming languages that are largely used for mobile app development are –
1) C++
It forms the simplistic base for most programming languages and possesses the power to create dynamic apps. The simple and effective compiler based approach makes it a versatile tool that can be used for multiple platforms. Its sister language, Objective-C, was earlier used for app development in Apple systems.
2) Java
This object-oriented programming language is the official language for Android development. This language is easy to handle and many open source libraries are made available for users to choose from.
3) HTML5
There is no better technology to use than HTML5 if your organization is looking at developing web-frontend applications for mobile devices. 4)PHP
A rather easy language to learn, PHP is object-oriented and uses a three-layered model to help create dynamic mobile apps and web applications. It works great for apps that require database integration.

List of top tools that help you in Mobile App

1. PhoneGap
PhoneGap also known as Apache Cordova is an open source software that uses CSS3, HTML5, and JavaScript, to create native applications for multiple platforms such as Android, Windows, and iOS. This framework allows mixing native and hybrid code snippets which results in apps that are neither truly native mobile nor web-based applications.
2. Appcelerator
This open-source framework is the best choice to develop hardware-based apps. The platform uses HTML, PHP, and JavaScript to create native apps for iOS, Android and Windows UWP.
3. RhoMobile
RhoMobile is a powerful open-source framework that allows native app development for multiple platforms. It uses web technologies like CSS3, HTML5, JavaScript and Ruby, to build apps for most major operating systems including iOS, Android and Windows.
4. WidgetPad
WidgetPad is one of the best open-source environment for mobile app development. It uses web technologies like JavaScript and HTML5 to offer a multitude of options like source code editing, versioning, and distribution. This open-source framework enables mobile app development platform for Android, iOS, and web.
5. MoSync
MoSync is an open source multi-platform mobile app development kit that supports programming languages such as JavaScript, PHP, Ruby, and Python. It is integrated with Eclipse-based IDE and enables native mobile app development for multiple platforms using C/ C++ programming.

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